Bài giảng Computer - Chapter 04

Tài liệu Bài giảng Computer - Chapter 04: Chapter Overview MicroprocessorsReplacing and Upgrading a CPU 1Microprocessor Basics ComponentsHow microprocessors work PC microprocessor developments and features 2The External Data Bus 3The CPU Performs operations and decodes and executes instructionsControls computer operationIncludes transistors, integrated circuits, and microprocessors 4Microprocessor Design Three subsystems Control unit (CU)Arithmetic logic unit (ALU)Input/output (I/O) unitRegistersCodesClock Clock speed 5Memory 6How Microprocessors Work7PC Microprocessor Developments and Features Use the following elements to gauge CPU performance: Speed Transistors Registers External data bus Address bus Internal cache 8The Birth of the PC 8086 and 8088802868038680486 9The First Pentiums The Pentium (Series I)Runs at 60 MHz to 200 MHzOffers superscalar technology and on-board cache 10The First Pentiums (Cont.) Pentium Pro Pentium MMX Pentium II Celeron Xeon Pentium III 11Possible Upgrade Scenarios 8086/808880286–8048680386SXPen...

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Chapter Overview MicroprocessorsReplacing and Upgrading a CPU 1Microprocessor Basics ComponentsHow microprocessors work PC microprocessor developments and features 2The External Data Bus 3The CPU Performs operations and decodes and executes instructionsControls computer operationIncludes transistors, integrated circuits, and microprocessors 4Microprocessor Design Three subsystems Control unit (CU)Arithmetic logic unit (ALU)Input/output (I/O) unitRegistersCodesClock Clock speed 5Memory 6How Microprocessors Work7PC Microprocessor Developments and Features Use the following elements to gauge CPU performance: Speed Transistors Registers External data bus Address bus Internal cache 8The Birth of the PC 8086 and 8088802868038680486 9The First Pentiums The Pentium (Series I)Runs at 60 MHz to 200 MHzOffers superscalar technology and on-board cache 10The First Pentiums (Cont.) Pentium Pro Pentium MMX Pentium II Celeron Xeon Pentium III 11Possible Upgrade Scenarios 8086/808880286–8048680386SXPentium IPentium IIPentium III12Inserting a CPU Low-insertion-force (LIF)Zero-insertion-force (ZIF)Single-edge connector (SEC/slot 1) 13Chapter Summary Understanding processor development and progress is essential.The three key elements for measuring a CPU’s performance are its speed, address bus, and external data bus.Several key CPU developments have occurred since the 80286 processor.Today’s standard processor is the Pentium III chip.Replacing a CPU is usually simple.You must watch for electrostatic discharge (ESD) and pin damage when handling a CPU. 14

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