Bài giảng Business Driven Technology - Technology plug-in T12 - Creating Gantt Charts With Excel And Microsoft Project

Tài liệu Bài giảng Business Driven Technology - Technology plug-in T12 - Creating Gantt Charts With Excel And Microsoft Project: TECHNOLOGY PLUG-IN T12Creating Gantt Charts With Excel And Microsoft ProjectLEARNING OUTCOMESExplain what a Gantt Chart isDescribe the main steps involved in creating a Gantt Chart using ExcelDescribe the main steps involved in creating a Gantt Chart using Microsoft ProjectINTRODUCTIONHenry Gantt developed the famous Gantt Chart as a tool for scheduling work in factoriesA Gantt Chart is a standard format for displaying project schedule information by listing project activities and their corresponding start and finish dates in a calendar formatINTRODUCTIONGantt Chart in ExcelINTRODUCTIONGantt Chart In Microsoft ProjectCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELExcel does not offer Gantt as a chart type, but it is fairly easy to create such a chart by using a stacked bar chartTo do so, follow these steps:Start with a new workbook and enter the task data (see the next slide for our example)Column A contains the task descriptionsColumn B contains start date for each taskColumn C contains the number ...

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TECHNOLOGY PLUG-IN T12Creating Gantt Charts With Excel And Microsoft ProjectLEARNING OUTCOMESExplain what a Gantt Chart isDescribe the main steps involved in creating a Gantt Chart using ExcelDescribe the main steps involved in creating a Gantt Chart using Microsoft ProjectINTRODUCTIONHenry Gantt developed the famous Gantt Chart as a tool for scheduling work in factoriesA Gantt Chart is a standard format for displaying project schedule information by listing project activities and their corresponding start and finish dates in a calendar formatINTRODUCTIONGantt Chart in ExcelINTRODUCTIONGantt Chart In Microsoft ProjectCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELExcel does not offer Gantt as a chart type, but it is fairly easy to create such a chart by using a stacked bar chartTo do so, follow these steps:Start with a new workbook and enter the task data (see the next slide for our example)Column A contains the task descriptionsColumn B contains start date for each taskColumn C contains the number of days to complete the taskColumn D contains formulas that determine the end date for each taskThe formula used in our example in cell D4 is =B4+C4CREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELCreate a stacked horizontal bar chart by selecting the Insert tab, then choose the Bar button in the Charts ribbon, and then the 2-D Stacked Bar Chart optionA blank chart appears in your spreadsheetTo select the data, right mouse click anywhere inside the blank chart, then choose Select DataCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELUnder the Legend Entries (Series) section, click on the Add buttonThe first series to add will be the label containing the start dateUnder the Series Name, select cell B3Under the Series Values, select cells B4:B13, the range of cells containing the various start datesClick OKAnother series is needed, therefore click on the Add buttonThis series will be the durationWhen the Edit Series dialog opens, select cell C3 for the Series Name, then select C4:C13 for the Series ValuesCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELEdit the labels by selecting the Edit button under the Horizontal (Category) Axis Labels sectionSelect cells A4:A13, the various task namesClick OKClick OK again to close the Select Data Source dialog boxRemove the chart's legend by selecting it and pressing the delete key or the backspace key, since the legend is not needed for a Gantt ChartCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELSince you do not want to see the Start data series, select that series by clicking on any one of the data items, right mouse click and select Format Data SeriesSelect the Fill tab on the left and select No FillThen select the Border Color tab and select No LineClick CloseCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELYou need to now reverse the order of the y-axis labelsRight click on any one of the labels, then select Format AxisThe Format Axis dialog opensUnder the Axis Options tab, click on the Categories in reverse orderClick CloseCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELTo get a better view of the actual dates, you need to adjust the date rangeExcel does not view (ie. interprets) dates as we doIn other words, dates are displayed as 3/1/2008 to you, but Excel interprets that date as 39508Dates are in numerical value, simply formatted to look like datesSince the first task in the project is set to 3/1/2008, you need to convert that to a numeric valueAnd the same is true for the last task, however, you can extent the date a few days past the end date for visual effectCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELRight mouse click on any of the dates at the top of your chart, then select Format AxisUsing the Axis Options tab, select Fixed for the Minimum, and type in 39508 (which is the numeric value for 3/1/2008, the start date)Select Fixed for the Maximum, then type in 39619 (the numeric value for 6/20/2008, the end date)Click CloseCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH EXCELCREATING GANTT CHARTS WITH MICROSOFT PROJECTMicrosoft Project, a powerful project management software tool that can help manage schedules and resources and to track project progressMicrosoft Project is one of the most widely used project management software applications availableMicrosoft Project BasicsMicrosoft Project is a Microsoft Office application, so it has many elements similar to other Office titles such as Word, Excel, and PowerPointThe Project Guide is an interactive interface element in Microsoft Project that helps you work through your project from the standpoint of project management processes and goalsMicrosoft Project BasicsCreating a Project FileTo create a blank Gantt Chart:On the File menu, click NewUnder New, click the Blank Project linkMicrosoft Project creates a new project, and the New Project task pane is replaced by the Tasks pane of the Project GuideCreating a Project FileTo set up your project plan to be scheduled from the project start date and finish date:Click Project, then select Project Information In the Start Date box, enter the start dateBy default, the State Date box shows today’s dateIn the Schedule From box, click the Project Start DateLeave the Project Finish Date box as isMicrosoft Project will calculate this date for you laterClick OKCreating a Project FileSaving Your Project To save your project: Click File, then select Save AsIn the Save As dialog box, choose the drive and folder in which you want to save the new projectIn the File Name box, enter a descriptive name for your project, and then click the Save buttonEntering Tasks To enter tasks directly into your project plan, follow these steps: Make sure you are working in the Gantt ChartYou can see the name of the current view in the Active View bar that runs vertically along the left side of the viewIf it does not say Gantt Chart, click View, then select Gantt ChartType the name of the task in the Task Name fieldPress Enter or your down arrow key to move to the next rowThe task name is not recorded and other commands remain unavailable until you press Enter or the down arrow keyEntering Tasks Entering Recurring Tasks To create recurring tasks:In the Task Name field, click the row below where you want the recurring task to appearClick Insert, then choose Recurring TaskIn the Recurring Task dialog box, type the name of the recurring task in the Task Name field, for example, “Testing”Under Recurrence Pattern, specify how often the task is to be scheduled, that is, daily, weekly, or monthlyEntering Recurring Tasks Specify the details of when the task is to take place during that frequency, for example, every other Thursday or the first Monday of every weekUnder Range Of Recurrence, specify when the recurring task is to begin and endWhen finished, click OKThe recurring task is marked with a recurring task indicatorEntering Recurring Tasks Moving Tasks To move a task from one row to another, follow these steps: In the table portion of the Gantt Chart, select the entire task row by clicking the gray row headingWith your mouse pointer still over the row heading (the pointer should appear as a black crosshair), drag the task to the location in the Gantt Chart where you want to place itA gray line along the row border follows your mouse movements, indicating where the task will be inserted when you release the mouse buttonRelease the mouse button to insert the task in the new locationInserting Additional Tasks To add a new task to other existing tasks, follow these steps: In the table portion of the Gantt Chart, click the row below where you want the new task to be insertedClick Insert, then select New TaskType the name of the new task, and then press EnterDeleting Tasks To delete a task you do not need, do this:Select the row heading, and then press the Delete keyIf you want to delete the entire task, click the indicatorIf you simply want to clear the task name, press Enter or click elsewhere in the viewOrganizing Tasks into an Outline Tasks need to be structured representing the hierarchy of tasks from the broader perspective to the deep and detailed perspective A task at a higher outline level than other tasks is called a summary taskThe tasks beneath that summary task are called subtasksOrganizing Tasks into an Outline Organizing Tasks into an Outline To make a task a subtask:Click the taskOn the Formatting toolbar, click Indent The task is indented, and the task above it becomes its summary taskTo create a subtask under a subtaskClick a task under a subtaskClick Indent twiceTo move a subtask to a higher level:Click a subtask, and then click OutdentOrganizing Tasks into an Outline Organizing Tasks into an Outline To add a note to a task, follow these steps: Click the task, and then click Task Information on the Standard toolbar or press Shift-F2Click the Notes tabIn the Notes area, type a noteWhen finished, click OKAdding Supplementary Information to Tasks Scheduling Tasks To develop an accurate and workable schedule that truly reflects how your project will run, you need to: Set task durationsIdentify dependencies, or the relationships, among tasksSchedule certain tasks to achieve specific dates when necessarySetting Task DurationsTo enter a duration, follow these steps: In the Duration field for each task, type the duration, for example, 1w or 4dIf a duration is an estimate, add a question mark after it, for example, 1w? or 4d?Press EnterSetting Task DurationsEstablishing Task DependenciesTo link tasks with the finish-to-start task dependency: In the task sheet, select the two tasks you want to linkDrag from the predecessor to the successor task if they are right next to each otherIf they are not adjacent tasks, click the predecessor, hold down the Ctrl key, and then click the successor On the Standard toolbar, click Link TasksEstablishing Task DependenciesEstablishing Task DependenciesThere are four types of dependencies, as follows: Finish-to-start (FS) - As soon as the predecessor task finishes, the successor task can startFinish-to-finish (FF) - As soon as the predecessor task finishes, the successor task can finishStart-to-start (SS) - As soon as the predecessor task starts, the successor task can startStart-to-finish (SF) - As soon as the predecessor task starts, the successor task can finishEstablishing Task DependenciesTo apply a task dependency, follow these steps: Select the task that is to become the successor in the dependency you will be settingOn the Standard toolbar, click Task InformationClick the Predecessors tabClick the first blank row in the Task Name field, and then click the down arrowClick the task that is to be the predecessor to the current taskClick the Type field, and then select the type of task dependency: Finish-to-Start (FS), Start-to-Start (SS), Finish-to-Finish (FF), Start-to-Finish (SF), or NoneClick OKEstablishing Task DependenciesOverlapping Linked Tasks by Adding Lead-Time To enter lead-time for a linked task, follow these steps: Select the successor task that is to have the lead-timeOn the Standard toolbar, click Task Information. In the Task Information dialog box, click the Predecessors tabIn the Lag field for the existing Predecessor, type the amount of lead time you want for the successorClick OKOverlapping Linked Tasks by Adding Lead-Time Creating Milestones in Your Schedule To change a regular task into a milestone: Select the task you want to become a milestoneOn the Standard toolbar, click Task InformationIn the Task Information dialog box, click the Advanced tabSelect the Mark Task As Milestone check boxOrganizing Tasks into an Outline Adding Resources The following types of resources can be assigned to your tasks: People or equipment Materials Cost items To add resources to your project, follow these steps: Click View, then select Resource Sheet to switch to the Resource Sheet viewClick View, choose Table, then select EntryIn the first Resource Name field, type a resource name, such as Deployment Team and press Enter Enter the names of other resources in the same wayAdding Resources Adding Resources To assign a work resource to a task, follow these steps: Click the task to which you want to assign resourcesOn the Standard toolbar, click Assign ResourcesIn the dialog box, click the name of the work resource you want to assign to the task, and then click the Assign buttonThe resource name moves to the top of the Resources list in the table and a default percentage appears in the Units field for the resourceWhen finished assigning resources to tasks, click the Close buttonAdding Resources Setting Up and PrintingWhen you print a view, it becomes a type of report that further enhances your ability to manage the projectTo print a view, follow these steps: Open the view, and arrange the data as you want it to appear when printedOn the Standard toolbar, click PrintPrint ViewsTo adjust how the view will look when printed, follow these steps: Open the view, and arrange the data as you want it to appear when printedClick File, then choose Page Setup Specify the options you want for the printed view using the controls on the different tabs of this dialog When finished, click OKOn the Standard toolbar, click Print PreviewTo make further adjustments to the print options, click Page SetupTo make further adjustments to the view itself, click Close the Print Preview toolbar, and work in the viewWhen finished with your adjustments, click Print on the Standard toolbarPrint ViewsPrint ViewsPrinting Reports Project has more than 40 built-in, preformatted reportsPrinting Reports To select and print a report, follow these steps: Click View, then select ReportsIn the Reports dialog box, double-click the report category you wantDouble-click the report you wantIf a dialog box prompts you for more information, such as a date range, enter it, and click OKWhen ready to print the report, click Print on the Print Preview toolbarSelect the page range and number of copies you would like to print, and click OKPrinting Reports

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